Actionable Intelligence in Healthcare (Data Analytics Applications) 1st Edition

This book shows healthcare professionals how to turn data points into meaningful knowledge upon which they can take effective action. Actionable intelligence can take many forms, from informing health policymakers on effective strategies for the population to providing direct and predictive insights on patients to healthcare providers so they can achieve positive outcomes. It can assist those performing clinical research where relevant statistical methods are applied to both identify the efficacy of treatments and improve clinical trial design. It also benefits healthcare data standards groups through which pertinent data governance policies are implemented to ensure quality data are obtained, measured, and evaluated for the benefit of all involved.

Although the obvious constant thread among all of these important healthcare use cases of actionable intelligence is the data at hand, such data in and of itself merely represents one element of the full structure of healthcare data analytics. This book examines the structure for turning data into actionable knowledge and discusses:

  • The importance of establishing research questions
  • Data collection policies and data governance
  • Principle-centered data analytics to transform data into information
  • Understanding the “why” of classified causes and effects
  • Narratives and visualizations to inform all interested parties

Actionable Intelligence in Healthcare is an important examination of how proper healthcare-related questions should be formulated, how relevant data must be transformed to associated information, and how the processing of information relates to knowledge. It indicates to clinicians and researchers why this relative knowledge is meaningful and how best to apply such newfound understanding for the betterment of all.

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The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics (Oxford Handbooks) 1st Edition

Bonnie Steinbock presents The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics –an authoritative, state-of-the-art guide to current issues in bioethics.

Thirty-four contributors reflect the interdisciplinarity that is characteristic of bioethics, and its increasingly international character. Thirty topics are covered in original essays written by some of the world’s leading figures in the field, as well as by some newer “up-and-comers.” The essays address both perennial issues, such as the methodology of bioethics, autonomy, justice, death, and moral status, and newer issues, such as biobanking, stem cell research, cloning, pharmacogenomics, and bioterrorism. Other topics concern mental illness and moral agency, the rule of double effect, justice and the elderly, the definition of death, organ transplantation, feminist approaches to commodification of the body, life extension, advance directives, physician-assisted death, abortion, genetic research, population screening, enhancement, research ethics, and the implications of public and global health for bioethics.

Anyone who wants to know how the central debates in bioethics have developed in recent years, and where the debates are going, will want to consult this book. It will be an invaluable resource not only for scholars and graduate students in bioethics, but also for those in philosophy, medicine, law, theology, social science, public policy, and public health who wish to keep abreast of developments in bioethics.

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Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 7th Edition

Antimicrobial agents are essential for the treatment of life-threatening infections and for managing the burden of minor infections in the community. In addition, they play a key role in organ and bone marrow transplantation, cancer chemotherapy, artificial joint and heart valve surgery. Unlike other classes of medicines, they are vulnerable to resistance from mutations in target microorganisms, and their adverse effects may extend to other patients (increased risk of cross-infection). As a consequence, there is a constant requirement for new agents, as well as practices that ensure the continued effective prescribing of licensed agents.

The fully revised and updated seventh edition of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy is an essential guide to the principles of antimicrobial chemotherapy, the problem of resistance and its control through policies, antimicrobial stewardship and surveillance. The book provides an aid to informed, rational prescribing for common bacterial, fungal, parasitic and viral infections.

Divided in five parts, the book cover issues specific to both the developed and developing world. Part 1 ‘General property of antimicrobial agents’ discusses mechanisms of action and resistance to antibacterial, antifungal antiprotozoal, antiviral, and antiviral agents. Part 2 ‘Resistance to antimicrobial agents’ provides guidance about the problem of resistance, mechanisms of acquired resistance and genetics of resistance. Part 3 ‘General principles of usage of antimicrobial agents’ analyses the use of the laboratory, general principles of the treatment of infection, dosing in special groups (extremes of age, pregnancy, obesity), safe prescribing, prophylaxis and the role of policies in antimicrobial stewardship. Part 4 ‘Therapeutic use of antimicrobial agents’ provides advice about the treatment of common infections which are described by anatomical. There are also chapters on the management of mycobacterial disease, viral infections, HIV/AIDS and parasitic infections. The final part of the book analyses the development and marketing of antimicrobial drugs.

This seventh edition of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy continues to be a valuable resource for undergraduates and graduates requiring a thorough grounding in the scientific basis and clinical application of these drugs.

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Hemovigilance: An Effective Tool for Improving Transfusion Safety 1st Edition

* Hemovigilance is a “quality process” which aims to improve quality and increase safety of blood transfusion, by surveying all activities of the blood transfusion chain, from donors to recipients.

Hemovigilance programmes have now been in existence for over 15 years, but many countries and centers are still at the development stage. This valuable resource brings together the main elements of such programmes and shows the different types of models available. A general introduction includes Chapters on hemovigilance as a quality tool for transfusion as well as concepts of and models for hemovigilance. The core of the book describes how Hemovigilance systems have been set up and how they work in hospitals, blood establishments, and at a national level. These Chapters are written according to a structured template: products and processes, documentation of jobs, monitoring and assessment, implementation and evaluation of measures for improvement, education and training.  Chapters on Hemovigilance at the International level, Achievements and new developments complete the picture.

Hemovigilance is above all a practical guide to setting up and improving hemovigilance systems, whilst raising awareness for reporting adverse events and reactions.

This is the first international book on hemovigilance, assembling all the vital issues in one definitive reference source – essential reading for all staff involved in the transfusion process.

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Ethical Health Informatics: Challenges and Opportunities 3rd Edition

Ethical Health Informatics: Challenges and Opportunities, Third Edition (formerly titled Ethical Challenges in the Management of Health Information) is an invaluable resource for students and practitioners across the health disciplines as well as Information Technology and business students. The Third Edition is an in-depth revision that incorporates scenarios and ethical decision-making matrices that challenge the reader to determine the best course of ethical action for Health Information Management (HIM), nurses, administrators, and IT professionals. Each chapter includes coverage of selected critical legal issues in the management of health information. The Third Edition introduces chapters on professional values and the code of ethics; ethical decision-making guidelines and tools; as well as privacy and confidentiality. It also includes chapters on compliance, fraud, and abuse; the uses of information for coding, quality management, research, public health, and clinical care at the end of life; and the electronic health record and digital health information systems for patients, consumers, and caregivers. Additionally, the Third Edition discusses information security; integrated delivery systems; management of sensitive information (genetic, adoption, drug, alcohol, sexual, and behavioral information); and management and leadership, vendor management, entrepreneurship, and advocacy. This edition offers several new chapters: • Data Analytics: implications for providers, patients and administrators • Longitudinal Coordinated Care: includes the role of the patient as a member of the healthcare team • Information Technology and Biomedical Instrumentation • Information Governance and Management • Future Implications: anticipating ethical issues

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Adventure and Extreme Sports Injuries: Epidemiology, Treatment, Rehabilitation and Prevention 2013th Edition

Adventure and extreme sports are increasing in popularity and it is not surprising that commercial adventure tourism and the accompanying life style and fashion, have become increasingly important to world economy. These unique sports involve not only major physical endurance and mental challenges but interaction and bonding with nature. They also tend to attract and excite audiences, both at the event and in the media. They are exciting to watch and redraw the boundaries of human achievement with the accompanying risks of injury and death. Adventure sports are usually performed in beautiful, exciting and remote locations or in extreme environments far away from medical assistance. Extreme sports usually involve an element of increased risk. These risks are highlighted by the media, usually after a reported accident or fatality but may vary according to the involvement of the participant; the weekend recreational adventure sports athlete or the experienced professional. A wide variety of sports fall into the category of adventure and extreme sports and with an increasing number of disciplines, this field is ever expanding. Sports are performed in contact with the “ground”; mountain running and biking, rock climbing, ice climbing and mountaineering. In the air: skydiving and base jumping. On water: surfing, white water kayaking and rafting, board sailing and diving. And also involve mechanical vehicles and animals! Some sports may be performed as a combination of few disciplines, such as water and air, e.g. kite surfing, and as so involve very unique mechanisms of injury. Sports events can also be merged to form a multi-sport race comprising many disciplines lastly from single to multi day races. Sports may involve competition with others, against the environment or with oneself, frequently the most ferocious adversary. Adventure sports are becoming increasingly popular in the general public and a few take these sports to an extreme level with the accompanying risks. Those that do, bring such time and dedication that they become professional in terms of training, preparation and finance. More and more people are enjoying adventure sports and unfortunately increased numbers are becoming injured as a result. Future research is progressing alongside the sport development, to allow the sport mechanisms, injury patterns and predisposing factors to be better understood. It is the hope of all researchers to make the sports safer without detracting from their adventurous nature. The aim and scope of our book would be to bring the sports medicine involved ineach of these sports into one volume. We would explain each sport including subtle similarities and differences, the common injury mechanisms, patterns of injury and treatment options. Additional chapters would include the mental characteristics of adventure racers and extreme sports athletes, together with the complexities of competing in hot and cold extreme environments. The book will present chapters focussing on the sports listed below, concentrating on published literature and newly formed studies by experts in the fields of injury epidemiology, prevention, management and rehabilitation.

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Basics of Human Andrology: A Textbook 1st ed. 2017 Edition

This book addresses various aspects of male reproduction ranging from mind to testis. The basis of maleness lies in the Y chromosome. Reproductive functions depend upon the development of male organs from embryo to manhood. Testis, the male gonad, produces hormones and sperms; the latter is ejaculated in semen secreted by accessory sex glands. The testicular events are under neuroendocrine regulation which coordinates reproductive life from puberty to andropause.

Biology is as important as psychology in the control of reproduction. Behaviours are rooted in the brain. Various brain areas and neural circuits regulate male behaviours. Brain sexual polymorphism is the basis of homosexuality and transgenders. Neurophysiology has always been complex to understand. But, this book presents it in a simpler way.
Reproductive organs receive systemic influences, too. The book describes roles of metabolic, immune and thyroid status in reproduction. The book has chapters on male reproductive pathophysiology. Principles of diagnosis and management are also included. The last section deals with contraception and yoga. The traditional wisdom of yoga has been used for millennia to enhance sexual and reproductive experience.
This book will serve basic medical scientists, urologists, nephrologists, surgeons, andrologists, endocrinologists, gynaecologists, nurses, councellors and also the students of biological sciences who want to study reproduction in human male. The language is kept simple so that an inquisitive person with a background of biology too may read it.

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Mild Cognitive Impairment and Dementia: Definitions, Diagnosis, and Treatment (AACN Workshop Series) 1st Edition

In 2011, National Institute on Aging and Alzheimer’s Association joint task forces released proposed criteria for Alzheimer’ disease diagnosis. These proposals included revisions to the nearly 30-year-old NINDS-ADRDA criteria for Alzheimer’s diagnosis and added criteria for diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) due to Alzheimer’s disease. The same year the American Psychiatric Association proposed new criteria for major and minor neurocognitive disorders (the entities previously known as dementia and mild cognitive impairment, respectively). These new criteria reflect the research and clinical advances in identifying mild cognitive impairment and offer new opportunities for prevention, treatment, and management of neurodegenerative conditions.

A major focus of this book is on the mild cognitive impairment prodrome of the common dementias. In addition to discussing the most common neurodegenerative conditions, many rare neurodegenerative conditions are highlighted. Most chapters include an autopsy-confirmed case presentation from the authors’ files. Following the case presentation, those chapters present current diagnostic criteria, epidemiology, neuropathology/neurophysiology, genetics, neuroimaging studies as relevant, associated clinical features, differential neuropsychological features and possible interventions for each disorder.

The pace of change in research and practice in the field of normal cognitive aging and dementia is increasing almost as fast as the median age of the population. The massive baby boom population bubble is currently entering the age of risk for neurodegenerative conditions. Neuropsychologists will play a major role in refining and applying these diagnoses, and in developing, testing, and refining interventions for these diagnoses, and in caring for this population. This book is intended to prepare neuropsychologists and others interested in neuropsychology to serve this fastest growing segment of our population.

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Fructose, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Sucrose and Health (Nutrition and Health) 2014th Edition

The metabolic and health effects of both nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners are controversial, and subjects of intense scientific debate.  These potential effects span not only important scientific questions, but are also of great interest to media, the public and potentially even regulatory bodies. Fructose, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Sucrose and Health serves as a critical resource for practice-oriented physicians, integrative healthcare practitioners, academicians involved in the education of graduate students and post-doctoral fellows, and medical students, interns and residents, allied health professionals and nutrition researchers, registered dietitians and public  health professions who are actively involved in providing data-driven recommendations on the role of sucrose, HFCS, glucose, fructose and non-nutritive sweeteners in the health of their students, patients and clients.   Comprehensive chapters discuss the effects of both nutritive and non-nutritive sweeteners on appetite and food consumption as well as the physiologic and neurologic responses to sweetness.   Chapter authors are world class,  practice and research oriented nutrition authorities,  who provide practical, data-driven resources based upon the totality of the evidence to help the reader understand the basics of fructose, high fructose corn syrup and sucrose biochemistry and examine the consequences of acute and chronic consumption of these sweeteners in the diets of young children through to adolescence and adulthood.

 

Fructose, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Sucrose and Health fills a much needed gap in the literature and will serve the reader as the most authoritative resource in the field to date.

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